Every organisation wants to stay ahead of others and gain maximum ROI so every year trendy technologies are listed by Gartner and here Gartner has profound ten strategic technology trends which will be in trend in coming years. Gartner defines "strategic" as those technologies that will have significant disruptive potential over the next five years. Following are the trends which are identified:
While artificial intelligence has been a consistent trend for several years now, as the technology advances, Gartner foresees a shift from stand-along intelligent things to a collaborative swarm network of intelligent things. Artificial intelligence is increasingly providing the brains for autonomous things such as robots, drones, and autonomous vehicles, empowering them to more naturally interact with both their surroundings and with people.
Artificial intelligence can be used to augment human capabilities or automate them. Within the realm of augmented intelligence, Gartner sees augmented analytics, which it defines as the use of machine learning to transform how analytics content is developed, consumed, and shared, rapidly advancing through mainstream adoption. This will enable organizations to optimize decisions and actions of all employees, and not just those of analysts and data scientists.
As organizations increasingly leverage AI-enhanced tools and technologies during development, there is a growing need for easy-to-use tools that can be leveraged by application developers rather than data scientists. Indeed by 2022, Gartner predicts that 40 percent of new app development projects will include AI co-developers within their teams.
Digital twins, or digital representations of real-world entities or systems, has been a growing trend as the Internet of Things has exploded. One of the most interesting aspects will be the implementation of digital twins of the organization (DTOs). DTOs are dynamic software model that relies on operational or other data to understand how an organization operationalizes its business model, connects with its current state, deploys resources and responds to changes to deliver expected customer value.
Edge computing enables information processing, content collection and content delivery to happen closer to the sources and repositories of the information. While edge computing is being driven by the Internet of Things in the near term, over the next five years, Gartner predicts edge computing capabilities will be enhanced by things such as specialized AI chips, 5G, advanced processing and storage, and more.
The immersive experience refers to all the ways in which technology is blurring the line between the physical world and the digital world. From conversational platforms that change how people interact with the digital world, to augmented, virtual, and mixed reality that change the way people perceive the digital world, the combined shift in perception and interaction models will lead to fully immersive user experiences.
Blockchain promises to promises to reshape industries by enabling decentralized trust, providing transparency and reducing friction across business ecosystems. While many CIOs are just now beginning to explore blockchain and evaluate its potential, early adopters such as Walmart and Maersk are already expanding their pilot programs.
Gartner defines a smart space is a physical or digital environment in which humans and technology-enabled systems interact in increasingly open, connected, coordinated and intelligent ecosystems. The growth of the "smart spaces" trend can be seen through smart cities, digital workplaces, smart homes, and connected factories.
Digital Ethics and Privacy:
As our world becomes increasingly digital, ethics and privacy is a growing concern for individuals, organizations, and governments. Therefore, Gartner expects a growing focus on compliance, risk mitigation, and values in the coming years. Meanwhile, I touched on exactly this topic in my interviews with internet pioneer Vint Cerf and former FCC CIO David Bray.
While quantum computing may seem like science fiction technology, the technology is maturing faster than most realize. Developers can now build and run quantum computing applications via a cloud environment, and researchers recently proved the advantage quantum computers have over classical computers. CIOs should begin monitoring the technology, which could see significant adoption by 2022 or 2023.