Understanding the Past or History of AI

By Jyoti Nigania |Email | Aug 14, 2018 | 4794 Views

The AI vision was articulated decades ago. But now slowly we all are being colonized by AI and it is potentially penetrating every business functions and becomes the hot topic in this century. The term artificial intelligence was firstly coined in the year 1956. The concept is pretty old but it has gained its popularity recently. 
The reason behind this is that earlier we have very small amount of data, the data we had was not enough to predict the accurate result. But now there is a tremendous amount of increase in data statistics suggests that by 2020 the accumulated amount of data will increase from 4.4ZB to 44ZB roughly. Along with such enormous amount of data now we have more advance algorithms and high computing storage that can deal with such large amount of data. As a result it is expected that 70% of enterprise will implement AI over the next twelve months. 

Artificial Intelligence is a technique which enables machines to mimic human behavior or in other words Artificial Intelligence is the technique which enables the machine to act as human- beings. With AI it is possible to machine learn from the experience. The machines just add their responses based on their new input day by performing human like task. Artificial intelligence can be trained to accomplish specific task by processing large amount of data and recognizing pattern in them. So as artificial intelligence researchers should think ourselves as a humble brick makers was job to study how to build components and many more so on that someday somewhere and someone will integrate into the intelligence system.  Some of the examples of artificial intelligence from our day to day lives are Apple series just playing computer and test less self-driving car.

Past of AI: AI's Historic Landmark:
Artificial Intelligence application is increasing at the fastest pace only this pattern shows the advancement in AI. In the year 1951 the first AI based program was written. In 1955 the first self-learning game, the playing game was created. In the year 1959 the MIT AI lab is set up and later in 1961 the first robot is introduced into GM's assembly line and after that all saw the first demo of the artificial intelligence program which understands natural language. So in this way the technology called artificial intelligence came into the picture and now it is changing the lives in all spheres. 



In the year 1965 the first Chat bot Eliza was invented after that in 1974 the first autonomous vehicle is created at Stanford Artificial Intelligence Lab. Carnegie Mellon creates the first autonomous vehicle using a neural network. In the year 1997 IBM deep blue beats Garry Kasparov at chess in 1999 Sony introduces AIBO that same year. The MIT Artificial Intelligence labs first emotional AI is demonstrated in 2004. DARPA introduces the first autonomous vehicles challenge in the year 2009. Google starts building a self-driving and focus after that narrative science able to write reports. In the year 2011 IBM Watson beats jeopardy champions that same year Siri, Google and Cortana become main-stream. 


In the year 2015 Elon Musk and others announced a 1 billion dollar donation to open artificial intelligence. In the year 2016 Google DeepMind's Alpha Go beats world champion Lee Sedol in Go, an ancient Chinese board game. In the same year Berkeley launches the center for human compatible. As everybody knows AI is not new but the advances we are making are progressing at an exponential pace. Leveraging our ever faster computing power the explosion of digital data and the speed of communication infrastructure in some ways the commercialization era of AI has just begun and it will profoundly affect our world. As we know it similarly or possibly more profoundly than the way the internet and mobile phones have done so before don't miss the next Artificial Intelligence breakthrough. 

*For more insights about the present scenario and future outlook of AI stay tuned with our next article*
Part-2.(Present scenario and Future Outlook of the AI)


Source: HOB