As a dynamic, general-purpose and object-oriented programming language, Python is used widely by developers across the world for building a variety of software applications. Unlike other modern programming languages, Python enables programmers to express the concept with less and readable code. The users also have an option to integrate Python with other popular programming languages and tools seamlessly. But it cannot be used directly for writing different types of software.
Often Python developers have to use a variety of frameworks and tools to build high-quality software applications within a shorter amount of time. The resources provided by the Python frameworks help users to reduce the time and effort required for modern applications. They also have an option to choose from a number of frameworks according to the nature and requirements of individual projects. However, it is also important for programmers to know some of the Python frameworks that will remain popular in the longer run.
10 Python Frameworks that will Remain Popular
As an open-source Python library, Kivy makes it easier for programmers to build multi-touch user interfaces. It supports a number of popular platforms including Windows, Linux, OS X, iOS and Android. So the cross-platform framework enables users to create the app for multiple platforms using the same code base. It is also designed with features to take advantage of the native inputs, protocols, and devices. Kivy further includes a fast graphic engine, while allowing users to choose from more than 20 extensible widgets.
The open-source Python framework is written in C++. Qt enables developers to build connected applications and UIs that run on multiple operating systems and devices. The developers can further create cross-platform applications and UIs without making any changes to the code. Qt further scores over other frameworks due to its comprehensive library of APIs and tools. The programmers have option to use Qt either under the community license or the commercial license.
PyGUI is considered to be simpler than other Python frameworks. But it enables developers to create GUI API by taking advantage of the language features of Python. PyGUI currently supports Windows, OS X and Linux. So the developers can use it for creating lightweight GUI APIs that can be implemented on these three platforms. They can further document the API comprehensively without referring to the documentation of any third-party GUI library.
The GUI toolkit for Python helps programmers to create applications with highly functional graphical user interfaces. As wxPython supports Windows, Linux, and OS X, it becomes easier for developers to run the same program in multiple platforms without modifying the code. The users can write the programs in Python while taking advantage of the 2D path drawing engine, standard dialogs, dockable windows and other features provided by the framework.
Django is the most popular high-level web application development framework for Python. Despite being open-source, Django provides a simple and rapid development environment for building a variety of websites and web applications rapidly. It further helps programmers to create web applications without writing lengthy code. It further comes with features to prevent some of the common security mistakes made by the developers.
As a minimalist web framework, CherryPy enables programs to create websites and web applications just like writing other object-oriented Python programs. So it becomes easier for developers to build web applications without writing lengthy code. CherryPy further comes with a clean interface, while allowing developers to decide the right frontend utilities and data storage option. Despite being the oldest Python web application development framework in the market, CherryPy is still being used by programmers to create a variety of modern websites.
Flask is one of the micro web frameworks available for Python. Its core is simple and easy to use, but highly extensible. It also lacks many features provided by other web frameworks including database abstraction layer and form validations. Also, it does not allow users to add common functionality to the web application through third-party libraries. However, Flask enables programmers to create websites rapidly by using extensions and code snippets. The snippets and patterns contributed by other members help developers to accomplish common tasks like database access, caching, file upload and authentication without writing any additional code.
Despite being a lightweight and simple Python web framework, Pyramid is hugely popular among programmers due to its high and rapid performance. The open-source framework can be used for creating a variety of applications. Once the standard Python development environment is set up, the developers can use Pyramid to build the applications rapidly. Pyramid further allows users to take advantage of an independent Model-view-controller (MVC) structure. At the same time, they can further take advantage of other frameworks by integrating them with Pyramid.
As a simple but powerful web framework for Python, web.py helps programmers to build a variety of modern web applications rapidly. The combination of simple architecture and impressive development potential further helps users to overcome some of the common restrictions and inconveniences in web development. It still lacks many features provided by other modern web frameworks. But developers can easily integrate web.py with other frameworks to avail a number of advanced features and functionality.
As a highly-scalable web application development framework for Python, TurboGears helps users to eliminate restrictions and limitations within the development environment. It can be used as a micro-framework or a full-stack framework. It further provides a flexible object relationship mapper (ORM), along with supporting several databases, multiple data exchange formats, and horizontal data partitioning. The developers can further use the new widget system provided by TurboGears to effectuate the development of AJAX-heavy web applications.
On the whole, the Python developers have the option to choose from many frameworks. Some of these frameworks effectuate the development of GUI desktop applications, whereas others help programmers to build modern websites and web applications rapidly. At the same time, the developers also have the option to use certain frameworks to write mobile apps in Python. That is why; it becomes essential for the developer to assess the suitability of each framework for his project based on its features and functionality. The user can also consider integrating the framework with other frameworks and tools to avail of more advanced features and functionality.