To master in multiple programming languages you need to learn to code. Why?

By ridhigrg |Email | Aug 12, 2019 | 957 Views

Today, computers are an inescapable part of our work and personal lives. As technology develops, computers are increasingly more integral to our lives, and the more we understand them and how they work, the better we're able to use them.

Learning to code is not only necessary if you're looking to start a lucrative career as a computer programmer, but it's also an incredibly useful skill that will help you develop in-demand job skills. Employers are looking to hire people who are skilled in software proficiency, technical knowledge, and the ability to obtain and process information and analyze data, and being fluent in a programming language proves to those employers that you have those skills.

Learning programming isn't always about creating a finished product, whether you're building software, apps, or websites. Understanding how programming works teaches computational thinking, logic, and problem-solving skills, which can be applied in any field.

It's not difficult to teach yourself programming with all the free resources available online today, but getting started is impossible if you don't know which programming language you should learn. And the choice isn't easy: thousands of computer programming languages exist, and dozens more are being created every year. Even if you narrow down your choices to only the most popular ones, there is still a lot to choose from.

It can be hard to know which language is best when you're not a programmer yet, but you don't have to understand everything about each programming language to choose the one that's right for you. Each language has its own particular uses, as well as pros and cons. If you have a clear idea of your reasons for learning to program and know exactly what you want to accomplish with your new coding skills, then you'll be able to make the right choice by comparing the options below.

Learn the Language: <What Code Should You Learn?>
There are many languages to code in, so many, in fact, the beginner can easily be overwhelmed. Learn about the top choices so you can be successful and raise your earning potential.

Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP)
This is a server-side interpreted, non-compiled, scripting language. It can be written within HTML. Because the code is executed by the server, the result is displayed to the user as plain HTML.

PHP's development started in 1994, created by Rasmus Lerdorf.
  • Code was released to the public in 1995
  • 2.0: 1996
  • 3.0: 1997/1998
  • 4.0: 1999/2000
  • 5.0: July 2004

PHP files can support:
  • Text
  • HTML
  • CSS
  • JavaScript
  • PHP code

PHP can:
  • Generate dynamic page content
  • Create, open, read, write, and close files on the server
  • Collect form data
  • Send and receive cookies
  • Add, delete, modify data in your database
  • Restrict users to access some pages on your website
  • Encrypt data

Output:
  • PHP files end in the .php extension
  • HTML
  • Images
  • PDF files
  • Flash movies
  • Any text, such as XHTML and XML

Why use PHP?
  • Runs on various platforms (Windows, Linux, Unix, Mac OS X, etc)
  • Compatible with almost all servers used today (Apache, IIS, etc)
  • Supports a wide range of databases
  • Free, and open source so many hosting providers run it on their servers.
  • Easy to learn
  • Runs efficiently

PHP Jobs
Average Salary: $80,000
Job Count: 20,308

Top Cities:
  • New York
  • San Francisco
  • Chicago
  • Top Employers:
  • CyberCoders
  • IBM
  • Robert Half Technology

PHP is used on 65.45% of the top 1 million websites.
  • The most popular content management system (CMS), WordPress uses PHP
  • WordPress runs on 19% of websites on the Internet
PHP powers more than 20 million websites, including Facebook and Wikipedia

JavaScript
This is a client-side scripting language. It is the only language embedded in all web browsers. Developed in 1995 by Netscape. Used on website: advertising, analytics, widgets

JQuery is the most detected JavaScript library in use on the web, used for 22.9% of the top million websites on the Internet. It provides features and functions to make:
  • JavaScript browser-agnostic
  • An easier development process

JavaScript Jobs
  • Average Salary: $88,000
  • Job Count: 43,189

Top Cities:
  • New York
  • San Francisco
  • Washington D.C.
  • Top Employers:
  • Amazon
  • Microsoft
  • IBM
  • Tidbits of Wisdom

You can use JavaScript to:
  • Check username availability as the user enters it, preventing the need to reload the page
  • Build an autocomplete function on your website
  • Fix layout issues
  • Enhance HTML text boxes so users have a combination of presets and the ability to enter their own text.

Structured Query Language (SQL)
This is not a programming language or a markup language. It is the standard way to interact with databases, moving information in and out of them. MySQL is the most common way to interact with databases and is a good start for a web developer.

SQL was first developed in 1979. SQL files have a .sql extension.

SQL can:
  • Execute queries against a database
  • Retrieve data from a database
  • Insert records in a database
  • Update records in a database
  • Delete records from a database
  • Create new databases
  • Create new tables in a database
  • Create stored procedures in a database
  • Create views in a database
  • Set permissions on tables, procedures, and views

SQL Jobs
  • Average Salary: $90,000
  • Job Count: 98,454

Top Cities:
  • New York
  • Washington D.C.
  • San Francisco
  • Top Employers:
  • Microsoft
  • United Health Group
  • Amazon
There are different developers of SQL, such as:
  • Oracle
  • Sybase
  • Microsoft
Their SQL programs all fundamentally work the same way. MySQL is open-source (free), and popular with developers.

Objective-C
Objective-C is an object-oriented programming language, based on C, used by Apple developers (and others). Objective-C was first developed in the 1990s. Objective-C files have a .m extension.

Objective-C can:
  • Develop mobile apps for iOS
  • Develop applications for OS X

Objective-C Jobs
  • Average Salary: $70,000
  • Job Count: 18,849
Top Cities:
  • New York
  • San Francisco
  • Chicago
  • Top Employers:
  • Regis Corporation
  • SmartStyle
  • SmartCuts
Though considered the ‚??correct‚?? language for iOS development, it cannot be scaled for other platforms such as Android.

C++
C++ is an object-oriented programming language used to develop software, video games, and more. C++ was first developed in 1983, as an enhancement to the C programming language. C++ files have a .c++ extension.

C++ can
  • Develop apps for Windows and Linux
  • Develop video games
  • Develop mobile apps
C++ Jobs
  • Average Salary: $90,000
  • Job Count: 31,893
Top Cities:
  • New York
  • Seattle
  • San Francisco
  • Top Employers:
  • Amazon
  • CyberCoders
  • Microsoft
  • Tidbits of Wisdom

C++ is highly portable across multiple devices.
C++ is supported by Apple, Android, Windows Phone, and Blackberry.

Java©
This is a server-side interpreted compiled language, using a virtual machine. It is not JavaScript and is not related to it.

Java was developed in 1995 and is one of the oldest programming languages on the web.

Java lets you:
  • Play online games
  • Upload photos
  • Take virtual tours
  • Use interactive maps
Java Job Information:
  • Average Salary: $95,000
  • Job Count: 66,485
Top Cities:
  • New York
  • Washington D.C.
  • San Jose
  • Top Employers:
  • Amazon
  • IBM
  • eBay
  • Tidbits of Wisdom

Python‚?Ę
This is a server-side interpreted, open-source, non-compiled, scripting language. It can be used on its own, or as part of another framework, like Django.

Python can:
  • Build websites
  • Provide database access
  • Build desktop graphical user interfaces (GUIs)
  • Build software and games

Python Job Information
  • Average Salary: $83,000
  • Job Count: 19,627
  • Top Cities:
  • Mountain View
  • San Francisco
  • New York
  • Top Employers:
  • Amazon
  • Intel¬ģ
  • Dell

Ruby
This is a server-side interpreted, non-compiled, scripting language. It is Japanese in origin, with no set of specifications. It was released to the public in 1995. Ruby is gaining popularity because of its use with Rails: Ruby on Rails. Rails is a rapid development framework, like Django for Python.

It is a blend of the following programming languages:
  • Perl
  • Smalltalkoo
  • Ada
  • Lisp

Ruby can:
  • Build websites
  • Build simulations
  • Build web applications
Ruby Job Information
  • Average Salary: $90,000
  • Job Count: 13,805
  • Top Cities:
  • San Francisco
  • New York
  • Seattle
  • Top Employers:
  • CyberCoders
  • ERC
  • Amazon
Ruby is highly portable; it works on many types of UNIX, Mac OS X, Windows 95/98/Me/NT/2000/XP, DOS, BeOS, OS/2, and more.

Online Programming Courses
These online resources can help you learn to code:

Codecademy: Considered by many as the most renowned source on the web, you can learn many languages with easy, interactive tutorials.
Coursera: Get access to full college courses, even beyond programming, for free, though additional fees may sometimes apply.
OpenCourseWare Consortium: Get access to full college courses from a number of partners, for free. You'll be on your own navigating the material, but it can be a great help.
Code.org: Get free tutorials for a number of languages to teach yourself how to code.

Source: HOB