Java is known as one of the most-liked programming languages of our time. The language has been existing for two decades. Several specialists believe that Java is one of the most effective programming languages ever created. It is the most widely-used programming language and is designed for the distributed environment of the Internet. But, like every coin has two faces, Java comes up with its own limitations and benefits. Today, we will demystify some important pros and cons of Java, which will help you to get a more clear view of its working.
The following are the advantages and disadvantages of Java Programming; let's discuss them one by one:
Benefits of Java
1. Advantages of Java
There are some major advantages of Java; let's see them.
Java is straightforward to use, write, compile, debug, and learn than alternative programming languages. Java is less complicated than C++; as a result, Java uses automatic memory allocation and garbage collection.
It permits you to form standard programs and reusable code.
Java code runs on any machine that doesn't need any special software to be installed, but the JVM needs to be present on the machine.
Distributed computing involves several computers on a network working together. It helps in developing applications on networks that can contribute to both data and application functionality.
Java has no explicit pointer. Apart from this, it has a security manager that defines the access of classes.
In Java, memory is divided into two parts one is heap and another is stack. Whenever we declare a variable JVM gives memory from either stack or heap space. It helps to keep the information and restore it easily.
It has the potential for a program to perform many tasks at the same time.
2. Disadvantages of Java
Java is memory-consuming and significantly slower than natively compiled languages such as C or C++.
Look and Feel
The default look of GUI applications written in Java using the Swing toolkit is very different from native applications.
Static imports were added in Java 5.0. The procedural paradigm is better accommodated than in earlier versions of Java.
In Java, Memory is managed through garbage collection, whenever the garbage collector runs, it affects the performance of the application. This is because all other threads in the have to be stopped to allow the garbage collector thread to work.
Java additionally outscores different languages in terms of job opportunities it has to offer. In addition to different pros and cons of Java, it has been on the 1st position on the TIOBE Index for the last three years. I would suggest a beginner must begin their journey by learning Java.